CCFLD American Studies Timeline

INTERVAL 1500 1550 1600 1650 1700 1750 1800 1850 1900 1950 2000 2050                                                                          
SPIRITUAL     1607  Lord's Supper celebrated by Jamestown settlers upon arrival to New World 1678 John Bunyan wrote Pilgrim's Progress 1706-1767 Jesuit mission in Paraguay   1774 Sept 5, First Continental Congress agreed to open ech session with a prayer 1801 Cane Ridge Revival 1854 Dogma of Imacculate Conception of Mary 1900 Freud's Interpretation of Dreams 1950 Papal encyclical Humani Generis                                                                              
      1683  Quakers led by William Penn  1729 John Wesley begins methodism 1775 Apr 18 John Adams and John Hancock: We Recognize No Sovereign but God, and no King but Jesus! 1807 writes Phenomenonology of The Spirit 1859 Darwin publishes Origin Of Species 1906 Asuza Street revival 1956 First issue of Christrianity Today                                                                              
    1609 Baptist Church founded by John Smyth  1689 British parl. Gaurantees freedom of religion for  Protestants    1775 Jul 7: "The Duty of Satndinf Fast in Our Spiritual and Temporal Liberties" preached to Second Continental Congress by Jacob Duche, chaplain to 2nd CC 1814 Reorganization of the Jesuits 1861 Presbyterians divide over issue of slavery; Patriot windows ordered for Christ Church 1910 World Missionary Conference, Edinburgh 1960 birth control pill approved by FDA                                                                              
    1611 King James Version of Bible produced     1775 Second Continental Congress on Jul 20 decalred a day of prayer, fasting, humiliation, heard sermons by Jacob Duche and Thomas Coombe 1816 American Bible Society established 1869 First Vatican Council   1961 first human in space                                                                              
    1620  Pilgrims land at Cape Cod, establishes Plymouth Colony with Mayflower Compact  1692 Salem Witch Trials   1781 Thomas Jefferson Notes on the State of Virginia 1822 Schleiermacher writes Chritian Faith 1870 Dogma of Papal Infallibility 1914 Assemblies of God founded 1962-65 Second Vatican Council                                                                              
    1644  William Penn baptized 1695  Christ Church established in Philadelphia, where Benjamin Franklin, Alexander Hamilton, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, Robert Morris, Betsy Ross, and George Washington worshipped     1830 Joseoh Smith writes Book Of Mormon 1872 Moody begins preaching 1919 Prohibition passed into law 1963 MLK's "Ihave A Dream " speech                                                                              
          1788-1806 German and Dutch mennonites moved to Russia 1834 Spanish Inquisition officially abolished  1875 Mary Baker Eddy writes Science and Health 1932 Barth's Church Dogmatics 1968 Papal encyclical Humanae Vitae                                                                              
          1797 Second Great Awakening begins 1841 David Livingstone to Africa 1882 Nietzsche declares "God is Dead" 1948 World Council of Churches founded 1969 first man on moon                                                                              
          1798 Pope Pius VI prisoner of France 1845 Methodists and Baptists split over iaaue of slavery 1895 Five Fundamentals   1971 Intel introduces the microproceesor                                                                              
          1799 Schleiermacher writes Speeches       1973 Roe vs Wade                                                                              
                  1989 first woman ordained in an apostolic succession church                                                                              
                    1989, Jan 24 report from Dept. of Interior stating windows of Christ Church were removed for cleaning and to never be replaced                                                                              
                                                                                                   
POLITICAL 1500  Christopher Columbus discovers Centeral America   1606 First Charter of Virginia-April 10, granted by King James I 1664- English conquer New Netherland renaming it New York 1732  Georgia Colony 1770 Boston Massacre   1772 1st naval battle of American Revolution  1773 Boston Tea Party  1774 Minute Men  1775 Battles of Lexington and Concord - official start of Revolution 1800 DC becomes US Capitol    1850  Fugitive Slave Act; Compromise of 1850                                                                                                                    1903 Panama separates from Columbia                     1959 Hawaii becomes a state                                                                                                                                    2000 G. W. Bush elected president                                                                                  
      1670  Charleston 1749 Ben Franklin's plan of education for schools of Pennsylvania 1776-81 USA Revolutionary War                      1801-1815  Barbary Wars; Thomas Jefferson 3rd pres of US                                                               1853 US buys part of Arizona, New Mexico 1914-18 WWI 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis 2001 terrorists crash planes into twin towers"9/11";  War on terrorism/Invasion of Afgahnistan, Iraq                                                                            
1513  Ponce de Leon settles 1st colony of United States at St. Augustine, Florida   1607 English settle Jamestown, Va   1673  Explorations of Marquette and Joliet   1778 Captain Cook founded Hawaii; Continental Congress allies with France ; Articles of Confederation 1803  Louisiana Purchase 1854  Kansas Nebraska Act; Whig Party disapears 1917 Russian Revolution 1964 - Civil Rights Act - outlawed discrimination against blacks in voting, public places, and the workplace, also outlawed segregation in the schools; Gulf of Tomkin incident begins Vietnam War 2003 Iraq War                                                                            
    1619 Va House of Burgesses  1675  King Phillip's War in Mass.    1783  Treaty of Paris-US gains independence from Britian-gains Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky, Michigan, Ohio, Tennessee, Wisconsin, and parts of Alabama, Georgia, Minnesota, Mississippi, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia  1804 Lewis and Clark Expedition; Alexander Hamilton dies; James Madison becomes fourth president of US  1859  John Brown's Rebellion 1939 Hitler invades Poland , sparks WWII 1967 Isreali 6 Day Wa 2008 B Obama elected president; global financial crisis                                                                            
    1620 Mass. Colony per Mayflower Compact  1689 British and French go to war; British adopt Bill of Rights   1787 US Constitution; Ben Franklin helped found the Benjamin Franklin University  1810 Mexico wins indepemdence 1860 Abraham Lincoln president  1941 Pearl Harbor; Pacific War - fought by the US against the Japanese in response to Pearl Harbor and in defense of Australia and won Sept. 2, 1945 in Tokyo Bay 1979 Iranian Revolution, Americans held hostage                                                                              
    1626  New Amsterdam (New York City)     1788  1811-1814 Creek War - civil war within the Creek(Muscogee) nation-part of War of 1812 1861 Alabama secedes from union and Montgomery becomes capital of Confereate States of America ; Civil War 1942 Battle of Midway 1981 Belize independent                                                                              
       1630 Boston       1812-14   War between US and Britain - fought in response to trade tensions, impressment of American sailors in the Royal Navy, British support of American Indian tribes against American expansion, provoked our National Anthem and ushered in an "era of good feelings"; Daniel Webster-leader of Federalist Party, became father of American Nationalism, leader of Republican Party, Secretary of State,  strict enforcer of Fugitive Slave Act 1863 Emancipation Proclomation battle at Gettysburg 1944 D-day 1989  US helps to draft th UN Convention On Rights Of Children, binding the state to be the provider and protector of children in what the state decides is the child's best interest.                                                                              
      1632 Williamsburg     1789 George Washington president;  Bill Of Rights; US Army ; First Chief Justice appointed by Pres Wahington-John Jay   1865  Reconstruction ( 13, 14, 15th ammendment to US Constitution); Jim Crow Laws; Carpetbaggers and Scalawags 1945 US drops atomic bombs on Japan; United Nations formed                                                                                
      1636  Providence (Rhode Island Colony)     1789-1799 French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars 1820  Missouri Compromise - admitted Missouri to the union as a slave state, while the rest of the Missouri Territory was to be non-slave above the Parallel 36 and North 30 1866  Civil Rights Act -a federal law in the United States declaring that everyone born in the U.S. and not subject to any foreign power is a citizen, without regard to race, color, or previous condition of slavery or involuntary servitude. does not cover visitors, diplomats, and Native Americans in the United States on reservations.  aimed at the Freedmen (freed slaves) and was a major policy during Reconstruction  1947 India wins independence from UK, breaks up into India and Pakistan                                                                                
      1637 Pequot War-fought between the Pequot tribe and an alliance of the Massachussetts Bay and Plymouth colonies and the Narragansett and Mohegan tribes      1790 US Coast Guard 1823  Monroe Doctrine (era of good feeling) 1867  Alaska Purchase 1948 Isreal becomes a nation; NATO formed; Cold War begins                                                                                
             1794  11th Ammendment to Cons.; US Navy     1875   Civil Rights Act of 1875 - a federal law proposed by two republican congressmen in 1870, passed by the House and Pres Grant in 1875, declared unconsititutional by the Supreme Court in 1833, revived in the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Fair Housing Act used to regulate interstate commerce, holding individuals accountable,  with the threat of fines, imprisonment, as opposed to the state    1991 Gulf War                                                                              
            1796 John Adams 2nd pres 1825 Erie Canal                    1877 Custard's Last Stand   1992 Bill Clinton is president                                                                              
             1798 US Marine Corp 1828- Andrew Jackson president -all whites and free blacks could vote     1995  Madeline Albright, US SOS under Pres Bill Clinton, signs UN Convention On Rights Of Children, Congress fails to ratify due to strong opposition from conservative, religious leaders; Massachussetts Comission on Gay and Lesbian Youth formed to 'prevent bullying and suicide amongst gay and lesbian students in public schools'                                                                              
              1836 Texas independent republic-Sam Houston 1889  Johnstown Flood                                                                                   
              1837 1898 Spanish-American War-fought in the Caribean and the Atlantic, US wins independence for Cuba from Spain, US also gains Puerto Rico, Guam, and Phillipines                                                                                   
              1838  Trail of Tears                                                                                    
              1840  Manifest Destiny/Westward expansion                                                                                    
              1844  US takes what is Colorado, New Mexico, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas                                                                                    
              1846 Mexican War - over half of Mexico turned to U.S.                                                                                    
              1848  Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo-gained Nevada, California, Utah, and parts of Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Wyoming:  separately annexes Idaho, Montana, Oregon, parts of Wyoming                                                                                    
               1849  Harriet Tubman                                                                                    
ECONOMIC           1750 Industrial Revolution in Britain                                                                            1802 Jacquard loom                                                                                                                                                                                                                1851 gold discovered in Australia leads to huge expansion of world's gold supply                                                                                                                                                                                    1901 Japanese savings banks increase by a factor of 20 in 10 yrs                                                                                                                                                                                                                       1951 - nuclear power reactor - Zinn                                                                                                                                                                              
          1752 Ben Franklin discovers electricity 1803 Louisiana Purchase doubles size of the US 1852 Passenger elevator - Otis 1903 airplane Wilbur, Orville Wright 1955 hard drive - Johnson with IBM                                                                              
          1764 Britain forbids all its colonies to issue paper money as legal tender 1804 Locomotive -Trevithick  1853 US Subsidiary Coinage Act-silver reduced by 7% in coins to keep them in circulation 1908 Henry Ford introduces Model T 1958 communications satellite                                                                               
          1775 US prints money to finance War of Independence 1807 Steamboat - Fulton 1857 world wide banking crisis started in US causes many German banks to fail 1919 Prohibition passed into law 1973 personal computer - Xerox PARC                                                                              
          1776  1st submarine-Turtle-used in Battle of Saratoga 1811 Bank of the US loses its charter over belief that states should control banking, not the federal govt.  1859 oil drill - Drake 1913 stainless steel - Brearley,  Federal Reserve System set up to prevent banking crises  1975 DNA sequencing - Sanger                                                                              
           1778  1st naval  mines used by Continental Navy 1816 Second Bank of the US founded 1862 pasteurization -  Pasteur 1917 cruise missile - Kettering 1976 Milton Friedman - leading US economist                                                                              
          1786 Continental Congress adopts the dollar with decimal coinage 1821 Electric Motor - Faraday 1866 Alfred Nobel invents dynamite and starts companies and laboratories in 20 countries 1921 US banks have increased 19 times in past 50 yrs while other large countries' banks have decreased 1983 Internet - Khan, Cerf                                                                              
          1789 French Revolution; US Constitution gives Congress power over creation of money 1826 - internal combustion engine - Morey 1870-1893 silver becomes plentiful around the world as mining increases and gold becomes the monetary standard, Asian currencies are greatly devaluated 1922 English archeologist discovered King Tut's tomb in England 1990-world wide web - Berners-Lee                                                                              
          1794 US Mint started 1829- steam loco-motive: Stephenson 1873 US bank panic causes many German banks to fail, US Coinage Act establishes gold standard, great depression in Britain  1923 Electronic Television - Farnsworth 1990 Iraq invaded Kuwait for its wealth/gulf war                                                                              
          1799 William Pitt introduces income tax 1837  Andrew Jackson transfers govt deposits from Second Bank of US and starts up state banks, US banking crisis, private banking started 1876  Invention of Telephone 1925 ultra-centrifuge - Svedberg 1997 birth of internet                                                                              
            1837  telegraph - Morse 1878  Invention of Light Bulb 1927 mechanical cotton picker - Rust                                                                                
            1840 US establishes independent treasury  1880 roll film - Eastman 1928 penicillin - Fleming                                                                                
            1848 California gold rush-paved way for gold standard in US 1885 automobile - Benz 1931 magnetic steel - Honda                                                                                
              1893 radio - Tesla 1935 nylon - Carothers                                                                                
              1895 x-ray - Rontgen 1937 jet engine - Whittle, Ohain                                                                                
              1895 Diesel engine - Diesel 1938 fiberglass, Slayter, Thomas                                                                                
                1939 helicopter - Sikorsky                                                                                
                1941 Computer - Zuse                                                                                 
                1942 nuclear reactor - Fermi                                                                                
                1945 microwave oven - Spencer                                                                                
                  1946 mobile telephone service - AT&T, Southwestern Bell                                                                                
                  1947 pocket calculator - Herzstark                                                                                
LITERARY         1700-1720 Locke "Essay Concerning Human Understanding" begining of British empiricism, provided the theoretical justification for the separation of powers between the legilative branches and the executive branches of govt.                                                                                                                                         1750-84 Diderot "Philosophical Thoughts", "Essay On Blindness", "Elements of Physiology" anti-Christian ideas                                                                                                                    1801 Hegel German phols. "Science Of Logic" threesome system of logic, philos of nature, mind                1860 Noah Webster: first English Dictionary, first English translation of Bible 1933 John Maynard Keynes:  The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money                                                                                
        1707-54 Fielding, English novelist, Tom Jones, declared one of three perfect plots in all literature 1754 Rousseau Discourse On The Origin And Foundations Of Inequality Amongst Men 1818 Godwin most influential radicals of the period of enlightlenment Frankenstein- most popular English novel of the next 30 years 1862 Hugo French poet who was banished from France by Napoleon for his radical , romantic views; 'Les Miserables'                                                                                  
    1610 Shakespeare writes Hamlet, Othello, Macbeth, King Lear, Twelfth Night, All's Well That Ends Well, play: Antony and Cloepatra 1667 Racine master playwright;adopted classical Greek trajedy, Andromaque-first of seven Greek trajedies, most important event in French theatre 1713 Diderot, Philosophical Thoughts, burned by the Parliament of Paris for anti-Christian ideas, imprisoned for Essay On Blindness 1755 Voltaire- French philosopher "Candide" helped bring Fr. Revolution 1818 Grillparzer-Austria's most celebrated dramatic poet 1869 Nietzsche "Thus Spake Zarathustra" denounced Christianity, invented the notion of a superman, the will to power was a noble man's ultimate objective                                                                                                                       
    1611 Shakespeare writes Cymbelline, Henry VIII, The Tempest, The Winter's Tale 1667 Milton, Paradise Lost,  1719 Dafoe: Robinson Crusoe 1757 Johnson Dictionary Of The English Language 1837 Dickens - Victorian novelist;Oliver Twist 1864 Jules Verne- first writer of science-fiction: Journey To The Center Of The Earth                                                                                  
    1628-88 Bunyan, English religious writer, Baptist preacher, imprisoned for 12 yrs, wrote Pilgrim's Progress in jail  1670-95 La Fontaine Fables, friend of Moliere nad Racine   1770-1800 Kant: Critique Of Pure Reason,  Critique Of Practical Reason -attempted to reconcile the conflict between knowledge by reason and that by experience 1837 Heine - German poet frequently set to music by Schumann and Brahms; 'Die Lorelei' 1895 Burns: For athat and a that -cry for human equality        
        1721 Gay The Beggar's Opera 1773 Goethe: Goetz von Berlichingen inspired German nationalism, greatest of all German poets 1842 Gogol- Russian novelist, dramatist, satirist, founder of critical realism in Russian lit; Dead Souls                                                                                    
      1685-1732 Gay, English poet, playwright, friend of Pope and Swift  1722 Pope Essay On Criticism and Essay On Man                  1776  Adam Smith: An Inquiry Into The Nature and Causes Of The Wealth Of Nations 1840  Hudson  "Father of American Journalism", managing editor of Boston Herald, started the Associated Press          
      1687 Isaac Newton's Principia 1725-1730 Montesquieu: The Spirit Of Laws; tyranny results when power is controlled by one man, developed theory of checks and balances used in US constitution   1844 Dumas French novelist and playwright; novel-The Three Musketeers                                                                                    
        1726 Swift Gulliver's Travels biting satire on man in society, showing consequences of not being reasonable   1845 Andersen writer of chilfren's fairy tales; The Tin Soldier, The Ugly Duckling           
            1848 Marx: Comunist Manifesto, The Capital attacks the capitalist system, formed foundation of communist parties all over the world                                                                                    
        1740 Hume A Treatise On Human Nature: radical skepticism              
         1741 Fielding History Of Tom Jones